Jan 28 2014
Have you ever wondered why CrossFit is so effective?
A recent study sheds some light on why and blow open a long held myth in the training world. SuppVersity noticed this study:
Do We Systematically Underestimate the Energetic Costs of Push-Ups, Pull Ups, Squats & Co? Study Says Anaerobic Exercises Burn 2x More Energy Than Previously Thought
If we go by the data from the Verzina study, push-ups and pull-ups burn 50% and 62% more energy than we previously thought they would. Against that back- ground it’s no wonder that participants in the Smith study (more), I wrote about pre- viously got from 16% to 8% body fat.
“Do We Systematically Underestimate the Energy Expenditure During Anaerobic Activities?”, that’s not just the question the headline of today’s SuppVersity article eventually implies, it is also an essential question with a potentially consequential answer I came up with, when I read a recent paper by scientists from the Department of Exercise and Wellness at the Arizona State University (Vezina. 2014).
The said paper presents an examination of the differences between two methods of estimating energy expenditure in resistance training activities and concludes that (a) “the methods we use to calculate the EE of anaerobic activities significantly affects EE estimates” and (b) that this leads to a significant underestimation of the energetic costs of anaerobic activity if we use the traditional methods.
What is the traditional method anyway?
“Traditional” in this context means using calorimetry to measure oxygen uptake continuously throughout the trial. “Oxygen uptake” and “anaerobic activity” – when you come to think about it, it should be obvious that this does not really go together. The former is after all specifically high, when you perform “aerobic” not anaerobic activities. including the recovery period between exercises.
In spite of the fact that it is questionable, whether the alternative the scientists used, i.e. measuring the oxygen uptake during recovery, instead of during activity, is actually “accurate”, it goes without saying that the real world health benefits and weight loss results people achieve, when they lift heavy weights or perform high intensity interval training would support the notion that the de facto energy expenditure could have been significantly underestimated.
Figure 1: Energy expenditure (kcal per kg of body weight per hour) due to body weight exercises calculated based on oxygen uptake during the exercises (traditional) or during the rest periods (improved; Vezina. 2014)
And if we assume that the data Vezina et al. collected in their experiment with twelve healthy men (mean age: 23.6 ± 2.84 years [range 18-29 years]; mean body mass index (BMI): 24.63 ± 2.63; mean percentage of body fat: 12.03 ± 4.44%; non-Hispanic white n=9) is correct, this difference will be as significant, as the average 49% difference you can see in my plot of the data the scientists measured in their in Figure 1.
For Mr. Average Joe with a body weight of 80kg, this would mean that his 30 minutes body weight workout doesn’t consume 288kcal, but 576kcal and thus way more than 30min of jogging, which should cost him ~400kcal.
Bottom line: I guess I don’t have to tell you that these results are very important. Not for you, obviously, because you as a SuppVersity reader know about the fallacy of working out to burn energy, but for all those Average Joes and specifically Janes out there who still believe that you’d lose weight by simply burning all the junk you eat off in the gym.
Cardio “addicts” would yet not be the only ones for whom these results – if they turn out to be substantial – would have huge consequences. The average “expert” on the panels we owe the wise dietary and exercise guidelines to, would probably also have to revise his opinion on the primary of “cardio” exercise for its “superior ability to help shed weight”… unfortunately, my gut tells me that I am the only one who even noticed the (future) publication of this paper in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning.
A couple of very very important points going on in there. First the method of estimating caloric expenditure is based on Oxygen consumption… Which is obviously higher during Aerobic exercise than during Anaerobic exercise (which literally translates from the original Greek to “without air”). So when they modified their collection methods to include oxygen consumption during rest periods of anaerobic exercise they found that the calorie expenditure went up, significantly.
What does this mean? You and I have been burning as much as 2 times the amount of calories from doing WODs than scientists previously thought. Which explains why just about everyone who comes in and does a WOD burns fat. Even more important in that blog is what the author touches on with regard to “calories in v. Calories out.” While that concept gives a very broad primer it is completely inaccurate with regards to how the human body actually works.
“Burning” more calories by working more doesn’t actually burn fat, it burns muscle – which you DO NOT WANT. Instead the most effective way to burn fat is to build muscle which will in turn slowly melt away body fat all while maintaining a sensible diet. This is often why CrossFitters will see a slight uptick in the scale during their first months even as their clothing sizes go down – because their bodies are building muscle while melting fat away.
2 AMRAP at each Station – 1min Rest Between
WB Sit Ups
– 2 Rounds –
12 Min for Max Weight Hi Hang Squat Snatch
3 TaG Hi Hang Squat Snatch OTM for 8 Min at 85% of the above (TaG = Touch and Go)